academic journal

Evaluating the use of streaming video to support student learning in a first-year life sciences course for student nurses

Streaming video was used to support the learning of first year student nurses on a Life Sciences module, as one of many innovations designed to increase the range of resources and support available to students. This paper describes the background to this innovation, the procedures adopted and the results of extensive evaluation. The use of streaming video was evaluated in three applications in the module. A total of 656 students used online directed-learning sessions that incorporated streamed video. Just over half of these students actually viewed the video streams. Their feedback showed that 32% found access easy, 59% enjoyed using the resources, and 25% were very confident that they learned from them. Different types of video were used, and embedded in diverse ways, but the results were consistent across the three applications. They suggest that streamed video can contribute to useful resources to support learning by student nurses but, for a variety of reasons, it may not appeal or be adequately accessible to all students at present.

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Sue M Green, David Voegeli, Maureen Harrison, Jackie Phillips, Jess Knowles, Mike Weaver, Dr. Kerry L. Shephard, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Division of Acute Care Nursing, University of Southampton, UK

Year

2003

ISBN

ISSN-0260-6917

Length

9 pages

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Video Streaming in Online Learning

The use of video in teaching and learning is a common practice in education today. As learning online becomes more of a common practice in education, streaming video and audio will play a bigger role in delivering course materials to online learners. This form of technology brings courses alive by allowing online learners to use their visual and auditory senses to learn complex concepts and difficult procedures. This article offers an overview of using streaming video in the online educational environment and discusses the various formats of streaming media. The various hardware and software programs used to create streaming video are also examined along with the advantages and drawbacks of using streaming video in online instruction. Finally, a discussion of how streaming video can be used in online instruction and its curricular applications are addressed.

Table of contents: 

• Overview of Video Streaming
• The Technology behind Video Streaming
• Advantages of Using Streaming Video
• Limitations to Consider
• Guidelines and Recommendations
• Curricular Applications
• Conclusions
• References

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Taralynn Hartsell, Steve Chi-Yin Yuen, The University of Southern Mississippi, USA

Year

2006

ISBN

ISSN 1065-6901

Length

12 pages

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Streaming in the Digital Video Realm

This paper offers an overview of streaming video and discusses the different formats of streaming media. Various hardware and software programs used to create streaming video is examined. In addition, the paper discusses the advantages and drawbacks of using streaming video in online teaching. Finally, a discussion of how streaming video can be used in online learning and its curricular applications are addressed.

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Taralynn Hartsell, Steve Chi-Yin Yuen, The University of Southern Mississippi, USA

Year

2003

Length

3 pages

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Sink or swim: taking advantage of developments in video streaming

Amongst the many recent developments in learning technology, video streaming appears to offer a considerable range of benefits for tutors and learners alike. For these to be fully realised, however, various conditions have to be met. Merely making streams available and directing students to them, does not necessarily result in quality, or indeed any, learning. Drawing on material from the literature and the World Wide Web, as well as recent project experience, this paper discusses the potential effectiveness of video streams as learning resources in higher education within the context of current and possible future technologies.

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Karen Fill, Roger Ottewill, University of Southampton, UK

Year

2006

ISBN

ISSN: 1470-3300 (electronic) 1470-3297 (paper)

Length

11 pages

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Print, Video, or the Ceo - The Impact of Media in Teaching Leadership with the Case Method

Case teaching has the potential to involve students in complex decision settings, enhancing their identification with protagonists facing difficult challenges. This article explores the impact of teaching a printed leadership case study with and without the appearance of the CEO in class—by video or in person. Our investigation shows, via qualitative and quantitative means, that the leader’s presence, even through video, significantly affects student engagement and can substantially enhance impressions of leadership effectiveness. We offer implications for teachers and propose future research directions.

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David J. O’Connell, St. Ambrose University, USA John F. McCarthy, University of New Hampshire at Manchester, USA Douglas T. Hall, Boston University School of Management, USA

Year

2004

Length

24 pages

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Digital video in the classroom: Integrating theory and practice

Abstract: This article is intended to help teacher educators, classroom teachers, and administrators interested in educational technology acquire a firm theoretical as well as practical foundation upon which to introduce nonlinear digital video into their undergraduate or graduate instruction; discover a time-tested, step-by-step process for introducing creative hands-on videography projects into their respective teacher preparation programs or classrooms; and recognize why it is critically important for preservice and in-service teachers to establish a personal underlying pedagogical philosophy for infusing video technology into classroom instruction.

Table of contents: 

Lights Out!
The Context
Underlying Pedagogical Philosophy
Educational Videography: A Time-Tested Instructional Unit
Discussion
Acknowledgement
References
Appendix A - Video Project: Assessment Rubric
Appendix B - Practicing Basic Videographic Principles: Warm-Up Activity
Appendix C - Educational Videography: Questions to Consider
Appendix D - Video Project: Requirements and Parameters
Appendix F - Video Project: Pre-Production

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John Sweeder, La Salle University, USA

Year

2007

ISBN

ISSN 1528-5804

Length

22 pages

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Questioning, promoting and evaluating the use of streaming video to support student learning

This paper uses case studies to describe how streaming video is currently used to support student learning in post compulsory education in the UK. It describes the current role of streaming video and identifies processes that could extend the application of streaming in education. It attempts to establish a case for more formal evaluation and communication of educational processes involving streaming and identifies elements of a research agenda that could further develop the application of streaming technology in education.

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Dr. Kerry L. Shephard, Centre for Learning and Teaching, University of Southampton, UK

Year

2003

Length

13 pages

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Designing and implementing a PBL course on educational digital video production: Lessons learned from a design-based research

Article published in Educational Technology Research & Development.
This paper reports on a design-based research (DBR) process for designing, implementing, and refining a problem-based learning (PBL) course on educational digital video (DV) use and production at the University of Lapland’s Faculty of Education. The study focuses on the students’ learning processes and outcomes from the viewpoint of meaningful learning. The research subjects included two pilot students and ten students enrolled in the course. To promote the reliability of the findings, data of various kinds and from multiple sources were used, including video recordings of the PBL tutorial sessions. The results suggest that PBL offers a good model to support students’ knowledge and skills in producing and using educational DV. In addition, the results suggest that DV production can be used as a method to learn about the subject matter of the DVs.

Table of contents: 

Design-based research - Meaningful learning - Problem-based learning - Students-as-video-producers

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Author

Päivi Hakkarainen

Year

2007

ISBN

ISSN 1042-1629 (Print) 1556-6501 (Online)

Length

Pages 211-228

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Towards Meaningful Learning through Digital Video Supported, Case Based Teaching

Article published in Australasian Journal of Educational Technology. This paper reports an action research case study in which a traditional lecture based, face to face Network Management course at the University of Lapland's Faculty of Social Sciences was developed into two different course versions resorting to case based teaching: a face to face version and an online version. In the face to face version, the teacher designed and produced three digital video supported case studies with the students to be used as learning material for the online version. The research focuses on finding out the student perspective on the following questions: (1) Can designing and producing digital video supported cases constitute a meaningful learning process for the students? (2) Can solving digital video supported cases in an online course support meaningful learning for the students? and (3) What roles do the digital videos play in the online students' meaningful learning process? The research indicates that both designing and producing, as well as solving the digital video supported cases, promoted especially the active and contextual aspects of the students' meaningful learning as well as the students' positive emotional involvement in the learning process. Several implications for further development of the Network Management course and for the development of university teaching across disciplines can be drawn from the results.

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Päivi Hakkarainen, Tarja Saarelainen and Heli Ruokamo, University of Lapland, Finland

Year

2007

Length

23 pages

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Meaningful Learning with Digital and Online Videos: Theoretical Perspectives

Abstract on Ed/ITLib: "In this paper theoretical perspectives for analyzing the pedagogical meaningfulness of using videos in teaching, studying and learning are presented and discussed with a special focus on using digital and online video materials. The theoretical arguments were applied in the international JIBS – Joint Inserts Bank for Schools project (see < http://www.ebu.ch/departments/television/co_finance/jibs.php>). Out of existing theoretical literature six characteristics of meaningful learning were selected. According to these characteristics, meaningful learning is 1) active, 2) constructive and individual, 3) collaborative and conversational, 4) contextual, 5) guided, and 6) emotionally involving and motivating. In this paper, these characteristics are discussed with a special focus on learning with digital and online video materials. The characteristics provide insights into how digital and online videos can be used in a pedagogically meaningful way in teaching, studying and learning processes. It is evident that videos viewed either through television or computer can be seen as tools for learning. However, videos are just one component in the complexity of a classroom activity system. The learning outcomes depend largely on the way videos are used as part of the overall learning environment, e.g. how viewing or producing videos is integrated into other learning resources and tasks."

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Päivi Karppinen, University of Lapland, Faculty of Education, Centre for Media Pedagogy, Finland

Year

2005

Length

18 pages

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