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Videoaufzeichnungen als methodische Grundlage zur Förderung der mündlichen Argumentationsfähigkeit in der Sekundarstufe

Video recordings can be an important means of fostering the ability to debate in school. The writer offers curriculum goals, thoughts about the complexity of debates, suggestions and reasons for the use of video recordings in class. The step-by-step instructions for developing a “debating curriculum” help putting that process into a structure.

Table of contents: 

Some preliminary remarks as an assessment

Thoughts about curriculum goals

About the complexity of debates

Suggestions and reasons for the use of video recordings to improve the ability to debate
• Aspect of motivation and reflection about the pupils’ own linguistic pattern
• Aspect of interaction and action-orientation
• Aspect of reflection about language using recorded TV-shows

Steps for developing a “debating curriculum”

System requirements: 
Adobe Reader

Non-optimal uses of video in the classroom

This paper examines some instructional practices concerning the non-optimal uses of video, films and other mass media in the K–12 classroom. Based on a six-year process of observing and interviewing teachers regularly in two school districts in Massachusetts, USA, this paper presents a typology of seven common patterns of non-optimal media use, instructional practices that diminish or weaken the value of film and video viewing as a learning tool. A telephone survey was conducted with a purposive sample of 130 middle-school and high-school teachers to provide additional evidence concerning teacher perceptions of the frequency of their colleagues’ non-optimal use of video. Teachers in the USA report that their colleagues frequently use media for non-educational purposes, including to fill time, to keep students quiet, as a break from learning, or as a reward for good behavior. The implications of non-optimal media use are considered in light of renewed interest in integrating media literacy into K–12 instruction.

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Renee Hobbs, Temple University, Philadelphia, USA

Year

2006

Length

15 pages

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Looking through Three ‘I’s: the Pedagogic Use of Streaming Video

"In this paper we introduce a way to analyse video use through what we have named the Three ‘I’s Framework – image, interactivity and integration. This conceptual framework seeks to provide a practical decision tool to help teaching staff and practitioners with the pedagogic design and development of video streaming resources for online learning. Our aim is to provide a way of understanding the role of video as it changes from a presentation tool to a focus for networked learning."

Although the pedagogic use of film and video has a long history, its widespread use has always been limited by production costs and delivery difficulties. In recent years costs of production have fallen and the web has emerged as a mainstream educational distribution medium. Video itself can be used in many ways: ‘talking head’, interviews, video diaries, video labs, simulations, instructional sequences, ‘fly on the wall’, video help etc. Through the browser, ‘streaming’ video sequences can be linked to slides, text conferencing, whiteboards, video conferencing, shared applications, online assessment and third party web sites. A major element of the JISC/DNER Click and Go Video project is to move beyond the current understanding of video as a purely presentational tool. The seamless combination of digital video with other tools offers an opportunity to experiment with video as a focus for networked learning. However there is an acute lack of pedagogic resources, research and evaluation on the use of video streaming for teaching and learning. The pedagogical challenge faced by teaching staff and practitioners is not only to choose the appropriate streaming technology but also to design meaningful learning events.

Table of contents: 

Abstract
Introduction
The Value of Video Streaming and the Three ‘I’s Framework
Towards a Decision Tool
Acknowledgments
References

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Clive Young, University of Manchester, UK Maria Asensio, Lancaster University, UK

Year

2002

Length

11 pages

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Videoconferencing Guidebook

This is a complete guidebook including technical and pedagogical tips for managing videconference sessions. A trouble shooting guide and glossary of terms are also included. This courseware is used during the videoconference training sessions offered by the university's IT Services.

Also see other videoconferencing resources: http://www.um.edu.mt/itservices/staff/facilities/videoconferencing/help

Video Modeling for Individuals with Autism: A Review of Model Types and Effects

Arizona State University Abstract Efficacy research on video modeling as an instructional approach for individuals with autism has been found to be a promising area for teachers and researchers. Over the last three decades the literature has shown successful use of video modeling for teaching a variety of social, academic, and functional skills. The purpose of this literature review is to describe one specific aspect of video modeling, namely, to examine video modeling studies from the perspective of the impact of the model. To this end studies have been categorized as models using adults, peers, self, point-of-view, and mixed model approaches. Descriptive summaries and analyses of outcomes are provided for each study. As a group, individuals with autism appear to have strengths processing visual stimuli (Bryan & Gast, 2000; Hodgdon, 1995) resulting in many instructional strategies comprised of a heavy emphasis on visual cues; for example, PECS, Social Stories, and individualized multimedia activity schedules (Bondy & Frost, 1994; Charlop-Christy, Carpenter, Le,...

Show us a story

Describing ways to use video in class - putting a focus on the respective product of the bfi.

Table of contents: 

Tasks of media pedagogy (media education)
The British Film Institute and moving image media education
Media pedagogy in the English curriculum
Media pedagogy in English schools
Moving image media education in primary schools
Moving image media education as perception training
Show us a story
Moving images in the classroom
Teaching with short movies
Story shorts and literacy
Starting Stories
Screening Shorts
Short movies in class

System requirements: 
Acrobat Reader

Berichterstattung im Fernsehen

Every day, pupils are subject to a whole load of information. TV and radio are still their most popular sources of information – especially so-called “infotainment” shows are watched a lot. The projects described in this text show the pupils how deceptive an apparently “objective” show can be. They learn actively how to use certain images and linguistic styles and how to analyze their effects. The detailed description of the respective lessons offers a lot of background knowledge and gives the instructors the chance to carry out similar projects in their own schools.

Table of contents: 

Introduction: Trust – Look – Who

Project 1: Sports coverage
• Introduction: Is a sportscast an entertainment show?
• Filmed reality? – media-pedagogic classification
• …and action! – didactical-methodical practice
• Overview of the lessons
• Descriptions of the lessons with working sheets
• Go girls – results and experiences
• It’s not that hard – resources and media
• Some technology: a stand-alone system for video-editing

Project 2: ZAP – TV-channels and news coverage
• Introduction: Bad news are good news – just because they make good stories?
• Zapping between channels – media-pedagogic classification
• Events cast their shadows ahead – didactical-methodical practice
• Overview of the lessons
• Description of the single lessons in the subjects German and art with working sheets
• The longer, the better - results and experiences
• Everything fine? – resources and media

System requirements: 
Adobe Reader

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Christoph Ammon/Madeleine Braunagel/Rudolf Hollein

Year

2000

ISBN

3-403-03356-2

Length

84 pages

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Questioning, promoting and evaluating the use of streaming video to support student learning

This paper uses case studies to describe how streaming video is currently used to support student learning in post compulsory education in the UK. It describes the current role of streaming video and identifies processes that could extend the application of streaming in education. It attempts to establish a case for more formal evaluation and communication of educational processes involving streaming and identifies elements of a research agenda that could further develop the application of streaming technology in education.

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Dr. Kerry L. Shephard, Centre for Learning and Teaching, University of Southampton, UK

Year

2003

Length

13 pages

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Video Streaming: a guide for educational development

This handbook is an outcome of the Click and Go Video Project of JISC. Click and Go Video was a project from 2000 to 2002 that aimed to provide "a user orientated resource for the academic community that will stimulate and enhance the use of moving image archives for mainstream learning and teaching. It will investigate and report on best practice in developing a video enriched learning environment through the integration of archived moving images, locally produced video, Web resources and asynchronous and synchronous communications tools."

Table of contents: 

- A learning and teaching perspective
- The Click and Go Video Decision Tool
- Planning your content
- What equipment do I need?
- Capturing your video
- Alternatives to filming
- Editing your material
- Encoders and players
- Serving streaming media
- Presenting your content
- Copyright issues
- ''Live'' broadcasting
- Evaluating the educational benefit

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Sally Thornhill (Lancaster University), Mireia Asensio and Clive Young, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), The JISC Click and Go Project, UK

Year

2002

ISBN

0-9543804-0-1

Length

80 pages

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Video games and the future of learning

"Will video games change the way we learn? We argue here for a particular view of games—and of learning—as activities that are most powerful when they are personally meaningful, experiential, social, and epistemological all at the same time. From this perspective, we describe an approach to the design of learning environments that builds on the educational properties of games, but deeply grounds them within a theory of learning appropriate for an age marked by the power of new technologies. We argue that to understand the future of learning, we have to look beyond schools to the emerging arena of video games. We suggest that video games matter because they present players with simulated worlds: worlds which, if well constructed, are not just about facts or isolated skills, but embody particular social practices. Video games thus make it possible for players to participate in valued communities of practice and as a result develop the ways of thinking that organize those practices. Most educational games to date have been produced in the absence of any coherent theory of learning or underlying body of research. We argue here for such a theory—and for research that addresses the important questions about this relatively new medium that such a theory implies."

Table of contents: 

# Video games as virtual worlds for learning
# From the Fact # Fetish to Ways of Thinking
# Epistemic games for initiation and transformation
# Initiation
# Transformation
# Epistemic games and the future of schooling
# A new model of learning
# References

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David Williamson Shaffer, Kurt R. Squire, Richard Halverson, James P. Gee

Year

2004

Length

21 pages

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